German Health Ministry on Palladium Toxicity

The German Health Ministry has been warning dentists since 1993 not to use palladium-copper alloys any longer.

...especially people who have nickel allergies react to palladium. Adding dental metals like palladium heightens the risk of illness in some people.

Palladium/Copper alloys contain up to 10% indium and can cause severe periodontal disease.

Contense of Palladium/Copper alloys can be up to 10% Indium, Gallium, Zink, Tin, Cobalt.

In Switzerland Palladium dental alloys have been banned.

Laboratory tests are showing the following toxic effects:

early symptoms of toxicity:
late symptoms:

systemic late signs: